Glossary of Terms

Access Points - ingress/egress areas in which drivers can enter and exit the Express Lanes.

Bus Rapid Transit - (BRT) a bus-based mass transit system. A BRT system has specialized design, services and infrastructures to improve system quality and remove the typical causes of a bus delay.  BRT combines the capacity and speed of a light rail or metro system with the flexibility, cost and simplicity of a bus system.

Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) Cameras - produce images or recordings for surveillance purposes, and are either video cameras or digital stills cameras.

Congestion Pricing
- a system of surcharging users of public goods that are subject to congestion through excess demand such as higher peak charges for use of bus services, metros, railways and road pricing to reduce traffic congestion.

Connector Ramps - a short section of road, which allows vehicles to enter or exit a controlled-access highway.

Demolition - the tearing-down of buildings and other structures.

Electronic Tolling - enables drivers to pay tolls electronically without stopping in a toll lane thus increasing traffic flow and travel speeds at the electronic toll collection points.

Express Lanes - an arrangement of roadways within a major highway where long distance travelers can use lanes with fewer interchanges compared to local traffic, which use “local” or “collector” lanes.

Intelligent Transportation Systems - (ITS) an advanced electronic technology to manage the transportation infrastructure efficiently and provides motorists with safer, more reliable roadways. ITS is currently comprised of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) Cameras, Dynamic Message Signs, and Roadway Detectors. The technology allows traffic managers at the regional Traffic Management Center (TMC) to operate and manage several interrelated services 24/7 that are helping to improve our existing transportation system.

Maintenance of Traffic - (MOT) a plan that ensures that the existing roads and crossroads remain in operation and access to all properties is maintained throughout construction.

Managed Lanes - a restricted traffic lane reserved at peak travel times or longer for exclusive use of vehicles with a drive and one or more passengers, including carpools, vanpools and transit buses.

Pile Driving - a mechanical device used to drive piles (poles) into soil to provide foundation support for buildings or other structures.

Ramp Signaling - a device, usually a basic traffic light or a two-section signal light, together with a signal controller that regulates the flow of traffic entering freeways according to current traffic conditions.

Reversible Lane/Reversible Ramp - a lane in which traffic may travel in either direction, depending on certain conditions.  Typically it is meant to improve traffic flow during rush hours, by having overhead traffic lights and lighted street signs to notify drivers on which lanes are open or closed to driving or turning.

Right of Entry - an agreement signed by a property owner giving the agency performing work in the area to have access to their property during a study, construction, etc.

Roadway Detectors – capture traffic data, such as vehicular speed, volumes and occupancy.

Sound Barrier Walls - an exterior structure designed to block out the noise from any vehicles on the nearby roadway.

SunPass - an electronic toll collection system that uses a transponder attached to the inside of your car windshield.  The transponder communicates via radio frequency with toll plaza readers/equipment so that as the car passes through the SunPass equipped lanes the toll charges are electronically deducted from your prepaid toll account.  This is only used by the State of Florida.

Toll-by-Plate - an image based electronic toll collection system that uses photographic images of the vehicle’s license plate to identify the customer responsible for payment.  This program provides a safe statewide tolling system, reduces traffic congestion and reduces air pollution by providing an efficient and convenient payment method for customers of the system.

Toll Gantry - a traffic sign assembly in which toll systems are mounted on an overhead support on a high-traffic roadway.

Transportation Management Center (TMC) - an organization operated by a transportation agency and performs an array of functions including traffic management and traveler information systems, data acquisition, command and control, computing and communications for many types of ITS applications.

Variable Message Boards (VMS) - an electronic traffic sign often used on roadways to give travelers information about special events such as warning of traffic congestion, accidents, roadwork zones or speed limits on specific highway segments.

Florida Department of Transportation

Consistent, Predictable, Repeatable